Race for Post-Quantum Cryptography: Will Proposed Encryption Standards Secure the World’s Data?

Expected within months, new standards for post-quantum cryptography will replace current mathematical encryption methods that powerful quantum computers will be able to decipher. Will the new standards, primarily using the geometry of lattices, be sufficient to secure the world’s data? We look at the current state of the race for the next generation of encryption to keep the world’s data safe.

What Will a Recent Quantum Leap in Time Crystal Technology Reveal About the Elusive Nature of Time?

Recent success in creating a time crystal that oscillates between two states for as long as 40 minutes without external stimulation holds the tantalizing prospect of precise quantum measurements. Achieving a time crystal that operates indefinitely could also revolutionize knowledge of matter by revealing what happens in the moment between changes in state, for example from gas to liquid, and possibly even a fundamental transition in the first moments of the universe.

Adaptive Intelligence: The Power of Genetic Mutations and Neural Networks

Genetic diversity and mutations play a crucial role in human adaptation to different environments. The Bajau people, known for their exceptional diving abilities, have larger spleens and, similarly, Tibetan Sherpas possess adaptations that enable them to thrive at high altitudes. A new framework, Genetic Transfer Learning, mimics natural genetic inheritance to improve neural networks, although environmental and cultural challenges threaten the preservation of unique genetic knowledge.

Citizen Action Combines With Innovative New Methods to Combat Cybersecurity Threats

As the cybersecurity landscape rapidly evolves, so does the imperative to prioritize digital rights and privacy. Innovative approaches are emerging, such as the use of Large Language Models for threat detection. While evolving technologies present both opportunities and risks, it is important to strike a balance between innovation and security as well as to address disparities in preparedness for emerging cyber threats. As awareness is increasing, we look at several of many organizations working to protect digital security and privacy.

Editorial Perspectives

OpenAI's mission statement

In Praise of Human Intelligence For All Time

The race by OpenAI, its partner Microsoft, and others to create and commercialize artificial general intelligence – AGI – begs the question what intelligence is to begin with. Is the intelligence code something that software engineers can crack, or would now be the time for some applied philosophy? The first step to understanding the intelligence in our heads is to stop applying the word to machines; after all, the term "AI" was coined in 1956 as a marketing ploy.

Bloomberg OpenAI headline

What Comes Next, After Profit-Driven OpenAI Cracks the Intelligence Code?

With the release of GPT-4o, OpenAI CEO Sam Altman announced that the company is ceding applications development for its powerful technology to third parties which he expects will "create all sorts of amazing things that we all benefit from." The first part of OpenAI's mission statement is to create AGI "generally smarter than humans," and we ask how the company intends to fulfill the other part of its mission, that AGI "benefits all of humanity," when third parties control applications.

Celebrating Human Creativity Means Guarding Against Stereotyping by AI

The term "model collapse" has been used to describe the loss of creativity in machine learning trained on its own outputs. Several new studies provide potent examples of the risks of model collapse, and highlight the importance of ensuring the traceability and human-sourcing of data to prevent stereotyping by generative AI.

In Focus

Image of spheres in a fractal formation

The Incredible Power of Shape: Fractals Connect Quantum Computers to the Human Body and the Cosmos

Fractals are intricate patterns that repeat endlessly at different scales, and are found throughout nature in examples like snowflakes and river networks. Recent research shows that fractal patterns are also found in quantum materials, in our biological brains, and in artificial neural networks. Breakthroughs in many scientific fields are bringing us closer to solving the mysteries and potentially vast potential of fractal patterns.

In Wiki Loves Earth Photos, Observers Share a Deep Knowledge of Nature’s Incredible Integration

There is an intricate relationship between human activities and the natural world, highlighted by the effects of climate change, urbanization, and biodiversity loss while many new species of life are still being discovered. We illustrate the role of human observation in documenting natural heritage through the Wiki Loves Earth photography contest, underscoring the importance of integrating indigenous knowledge, international collaboration, and sustainable practices in addressing environmental challenges.

Thriving Together: New Findings on How Different Species Collaborate for Survival

There are fascinating symbiotic relationships in nature, which can be seen in the cooperative benefits of species like zebras and ostriches, green algae and bacteria, and birds and capybaras. Called mutualism, these collaborations are critical for survival of species and ecosystem health and balance. Disruptions to these partnerships emphasize the need for greater understanding of interconnectedness and delicate balances in nature.

Podcasts and Webcasts

Dr. Arik Kershenbaum on Why Animals Talk and What They’re Saying: A Zoological Perspective

Jessica West on Space Governance: The Challenges and Potential for Humanity Beyond Earth

Louis Rosenberg on Collective Superintelligence and the Virtual Future

The Quantum Record is a non-profit journal of philosophy, science, technology, and time.

The potential of the future is in the human mind and heart, and in the common ground that we all share on the road to tomorrow. Promoting reflection, discussion, and imagination, The Quantum Record highlights the good work of good people and aims to join many perspectives in shaping the best possible time to come.

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Latest Quantum Computing

Race for Post-Quantum Cryptography: Will Proposed Encryption Standards Secure the World’s Data?

Expected within months, new standards for post-quantum cryptography will replace current mathematical encryption methods that powerful quantum computers will be able to decipher. Will the new standards, primarily using the geometry of lattices, be sufficient to secure the world’s data? We look at the current state of the race for the next generation of encryption to keep the world’s data safe.

The Observer Effect: Why Do Our Measurements Change Quantum Outcomes?

The observer effect, which produces a different scattering pattern when a beam of light is observed compared to the unobserved beam, remains a deep mystery at the quantum level. How does the quantum somehow connect to our conscious measurements, and does it imprint our measurements in the curvature of spacetime as as Sir Roger Penrose has proposed? What’s going on in our heads may say something about quantum reality.

Quantum brain imagined

Science Probes the Frontiers of Quantum and Mathematical Consciousness

Scientists are exploring the intriguing connections of consciousness to quantum mechanics and mathematics. Does consciousness exist at the level of the quantum, and if it does how does it operate – and can we be consciousness of consciousness itself?

Featured Science News

Does the Universe Have a Holographic Memory?

The discovery of a low-frequency vibrational “hum” in the fabric of spacetime has added to the mystery of gravitational waves first detected in 2015. Does the universe remember gravitational effects over time, and is its memory encoded at the border of black holes?

Latest Philosophy of Technology

Quantum Ethics: There’s No Time Like the Present to Plan for the Human Future with Quantum Technology

We look at six emerging ethical concerns for the potential power of quantum computing. While the technological breakthrough that enables its widespread use and applications might be years away – or just around the corner – we set out an historical perspective to frame the discussion on ethics that is best begun sooner rather than later.

The Ghost in the Machine: Chatbots and Their Problem with Time

A new mathematical proof points to global instability over time in machine learning, which is the basis for training chatbots like ChatGPT. Designed to generalize inputs from prompts and generate the most probable outputs, what does this mean for the future of chatbots trained on data from the past when human users operate in the dynamically changing present?

Finding Truths: Defense and Criticism of the Scientific Method

The scientific method’s emphasis on falsifiability, empirical evidence, incremental progress, and predictive power, makes it humanity’s most powerful tool for unraveling the mysteries of the universe. But can it reveal absolute truths, and knowledge about things like our own consciousness, that aren’t directly observable? We explore some important limitations and criticisms of the scientific method.

Latest Technology Over Time

Ancient Roman Concrete: A Technology Ahead of Its Time

The Colosseum and Pantheon stand witness to the knowledge and skill behind ancient Roman concrete-making technology. We look at the history of concrete from then to now, and take you into the Pantheon to explore the marvels that ancient Romans accomplished with concrete.

The Mystery of the Ancient Roman Dodecahedrons

What was the purpose of these curious dodecahedrons, discovered in the northern parts of the ancient Roman Empire? Why does no record exist to explain their use and manufacture? We review the intriguing possibilities, but more detective work is needed to uncover the truth of this ancient technology.

The Genius of Alan Turing, and the Technology that Cracked the Nazi Enigma Code

Alan Turing’s skills in mathematics and computer science helped build the “Bombe,” the computing machine that cracked the Nazi Enigma code. The technology was instrumental in the Allied victory over Hitler.

Latest Science News

What Will a Recent Quantum Leap in Time Crystal Technology Reveal About the Elusive Nature of Time?

Recent success in creating a time crystal that oscillates between two states for as long as 40 minutes without external stimulation holds the tantalizing prospect of precise quantum measurements. Achieving a time crystal that operates indefinitely could also revolutionize knowledge of matter by revealing what happens in the moment between changes in state, for example from gas to liquid, and possibly even a fundamental transition in the first moments of the universe.

Adaptive Intelligence: The Power of Genetic Mutations and Neural Networks

Genetic diversity and mutations play a crucial role in human adaptation to different environments. The Bajau people, known for their exceptional diving abilities, have larger spleens and, similarly, Tibetan Sherpas possess adaptations that enable them to thrive at high altitudes. A new framework, Genetic Transfer Learning, mimics natural genetic inheritance to improve neural networks, although environmental and cultural challenges threaten the preservation of unique genetic knowledge.

Citizen Action Combines With Innovative New Methods to Combat Cybersecurity Threats

As the cybersecurity landscape rapidly evolves, so does the imperative to prioritize digital rights and privacy. Innovative approaches are emerging, such as the use of Large Language Models for threat detection. While evolving technologies present both opportunities and risks, it is important to strike a balance between innovation and security as well as to address disparities in preparedness for emerging cyber threats. As awareness is increasing, we look at several of many organizations working to protect digital security and privacy.